How to Pass the Real Estate Appraisal Exam? (+Sample Questions)

(**) Disclosure: This post may contain affiliate links, meaning our company, JCHQ Publishing will get a commission if you decide to make a purchase through the links, but at no additional cost to you.

To become a real estate appraiser, in addition to completing the qualifying education and work experience, you would also need to pass the National Uniform Licensing and Certification Examinations. This is the required exam for being a Licensed Residential Appraiser, Certified Residential Appraiser, and Certified General Appraiser.

So how to pass the real estate appraisal exam? To pass the real estate appraisal exam, an exam taker must obtain a passing score of 75 out of the 125 questions.

Passing the appraiser exam does take some effort and studying time.  But just like anything, nothing worthwhile comes easy. The good news is there are different tools in helping you to prepare for the appraiser exam.

I notice that some of you may find it stressful and challenging to pass the test. Therefore, I did extensive research and gathered feedback from several appraisers who have gone through the exam process.

In this article, I’d love to share with you what I learned from them, helpful ideas to prepare for the exam, and the appraisal subjects that could be tested.

Table of Contents

Statistics on the Real Estate Appraiser Exam

I got these stats from The Appraisal Foundation website. As you can see, there has been an increasing trend of people writing appraisal exams over the years. This is a good sign as more people are giving their vote of confidence in this profession.

The passing rate for the National Uniform Licensing and Certification Examination mostly ranged between 60% and 70%. Now, let’s go over some tips to increase your pass rate.

10 Practical Tips in Passing the Real Estate Appraiser Exam

Real Estate Exam Study Hacks

Tip #1: Take classes from a State Board approved course providers

Before you write the exam, you’ll need to complete the qualifying education requirement.

I don’t like frequent traveling to a school, and I also have a relatively short attention span when sitting in a classroom. Therefore, when choosing a licensing course provider, it is important to find one that has the online lectures option. This way, you could get access to the course content whenever and wherever.

Although there are many appraisal education providers, their qualities are not the same. Choose one with extensive experience in teaching appraisal courses, and also has excellent review ratings from their students.

Here’s a review of the learning institution that I like for your reference.

Tip #2: Read over the Appraiser Examination Candidate Handbook

Depending on which state you are located, your exam could be administered by PSI, Pearson-Vue or others. Regardless of the exam administer, they should have an Appraiser Examination Candidate Handbook.

Here’s one from the Pearson-Vue for your reference. It clearly outlines all the procedures about the exam writing.

Tip #3: Read over the USPAP Manual

If you ask any existing real estate appraiser, they would tell you how important it is to understand the Appraisal Standard Practice in the current regulatory environment. Therefore, you can expect there would be questions about the USPAP in the exams. Most of them are just memorizing questions.

Tip #4: Work on practice questions

student working on real estate appraisal exam

I believe this is one of the most important preparation in passing the exam. Of course, it would be nice if you could excel in EVERY topic in the course materials. But in reality, I haven’t come across any appraisers who can do that.

Therefore, I recommend you to first skim over the course materials. It’s okay that you don’t have an in-depth understanding at this stage. Then you could start working on a set of practice questions.

Review over the questions that you did wrong, and read over the specific topic from the course materials to gain a better understanding.

Then do another set of practice questions, and repeat the process until you can get over 85% on these practice tests. Note: Despite the passing mark is only 75, but you could get nervous during the exam. So I want you to feel more confident at the time you enter the exam room.

Sample Question

1. The subject property is a 10,000-sf office building encumbered by a full-service lease with a contract base rent of $1.25 per square foot monthly. Stabilized vacancy/credit loss allowance for similar properties within the market area is 7% of PGI. The operating expense ratio for similar properties is 30% of EGI, plus reserves for replacement of $0.15 per square foot. What is the projected net operating income?

A) $93,000

B) $94,500

C) $96,150

D) $97,650

Quote from Pearson Vue National Appraiser Examination Candidate Handbook Nov 2017

So where could you get the practice questions? There are a few sample questions you could read from the Pearson Vue Candidate Handbook. You can also find some sample questions later in this post. However, you’ll probably need to do a lot more practice questions than that. So the best is to check out from a trusted appraisal education provider.

McKissock has exam prep packages for those who wish to become a licensed and certified residential appraisers. It helps you to prepare for the exam through self-paced online prep and live crammer sessions. You will also able to identify your strengths and weaknesses, so you may focus on areas that needs improvement. Click here for McKissock Exam Prep (**)

Tip#5: Spread out your study time

A lot of people have the habit to procrastinate and try to cram all study materials in one to two days before the exam.

However, your studies could be more effective if you do so regularly, for periods of about 45 to 60 minutes. For any period longer than that, your concentration would start to wander.

Besides, the purpose of your study is not just to pass the exam. This appraisal knowledge will eventually be useful when you start working in the field.

Tip#6: Bring the questions to the Real -Life

trainee working with a supervisory appraiser

Studying for the sack of passing an exam could feel dreadful. You need to understand why a specific question is being tested is because it could actually be applied to your appraisal career in the future.

Talk to your colleagues or Supervisor and find out how these questions could be applied in their daily work.

Tip#7: Bring the required identification documents

Most test centers would require you to bring two forms of government issued ID. (i.e., Driver license, state ID, passport). Make sure they are not expired.

In addition, some states could need you to bring the approval letter and the green card.

Tip#8: Get a financial calculator

You’ll definitely need a good one to handle all the tricky math questions. (i.e.: amortization, depreciation, adjustment).

Keep in mind the test center proctor needs to ensure all formulas are cleaned off before the exam. Therefore, some would require you to bring along the calculator’s instructional manual. If you don’t have one, then you should download one just in case they need it.

The following is recommended but not required:
• Financial calculator that does not contain alpha characters and is non-programmable

Candidates are not permitted to use a calculator or other computing tool that is alpha programmable. Only calculators that are not alpha programmable such as the HP12C are permitted.

Quote from Appraiser Examination Candidate Handbook

Tip#9: Have a good meal

The exams are very long which range from 4 to 6 hours. However, you will not be allowed to drink or eat in the exam room. Therefore, make sure you don’t go empty stomach.

Some foods are in the brain-boosting category. They are usually protein-rich and could lead to greater mental alertness. On the exam day, you may consider food choices such as nuts, yogurt, and cottage cheese, whole-grain cereal with low-fat milk, eggs and toast with jam, porridge, oatmeal, or sugar-free muesli. Other dietary brain foods may include fish, walnuts, blueberries, sunflower seeds, flaxseed, dried fruits, figs, and prunes.

On the other hand, some foods may block your brain out. On exam day, avoid foods that are made of white flour (i.e., cookies, cakes, and muffins.) They may require added energy to digest. A large portion of carbs, such as rice or potatoes, can also make you feel heavy and sleepy.

Furthermore, stay away from foods and drinks that are high in refined sugar — for example, chocolates, desserts, candies, sugary sodas, and colas. They will make unstabilize your sugar level, which is the opposite of what you need during a long exam.

Some exam centers would allow one scheduled break. Although you might want to get some snacks or coffee during that time, the chances are there could be a huge lineup as every student would be heading to the same place. Therefore, it’s better to bring your own snacks and drinks.

Tip#10: Arrive early at the exam center

real estate appraiser driving to the exam center

The tension of writing an exam is already great for many people. The last thing you want is to add-on unnecessary stress by rushing into the exam room. You should arrive at least 30 minutes early.

Do a Google Map Search the day before the exam and make sure you know where the test center is located. I like searching on Google Street View. It gives me a vivid idea of what the building and its surrounding looks like.

If you are taking public transportation, then find out exactly the type of vehicles you need to take. On the other hand, if you’ll be driving, then get to know its closest parking lots. But either way, you should account for the traveling time and give yourself a buffer room.

At the test center, many people would try to cram up more study materials into their head. However, I don’t like this practice because it could make you panic and end up more confused. Keep in mind that your objective in the test center is not to study but to demonstrate what you have prepared all along.

Here’s more info about the National Uniform Licensing and Certification Examinations

student studying for the real estate appraiser exam

The purpose of these exams is to test out your knowledge and experience in the appraisal work. The topics being tested will be related to the “Required Core Curriculum” modules, which are qualifying education you should have completed before writing the exam.

To give you a better idea of the exams here’s the Examination Content Outline from the Appraisal Foundation:

Licensed Residential AppraiserCertified Residential AppraiserCertified General Appraiser
Real Estate Market18%18%18%
Property Description11%12%11%
Land or Site Valuation3%3%4%
Sales Comparison Approach22%18%13%
Cost Approach13%14%11%
Income Approach4%8%18%
Reconciliation of Value Indications2%2%2%
Uniform Standard of Professional Appraisal Practice (USPAP)20%18%17%
Emerging Appraisal Methods3%4%3%
Appraisal Statistical Methods4%3%3%

Here’s the breakdown of the sub-topics:

Real Estate Market: Types of Influences on Real Estate Value; Types of Government Power; Types of Real Estate Value; Date of Value Premise; Market Analysis; Investment Analysis; Tests of Highest and Best Use; Analysis of Highest and Best Us

Property Description: Description of Land or Site; Description of Improvements and; Building Components; Legal Interest; Rights to Use; Property Taxation

Land or Site Valuation: Land or Site Valuation Methods

Sales Comparison Approach: Identification of Comparable Sales; Units of Comparison; Elements of Comparison; Quantitative Adjustments; Qualitative Adjustments; Reconciliation to Indicated Value by Sales Comparison Approach

Cost Approach: Sources of Cost Information; Cost Components; Depreciation; Methods of Estimating Depreciation; Reconciliation to Indicated Value by the Cost Approach

Income Approach: Sources of Cost Generation; Occupancy / Vacancy Analysis; Expense Analysis; Capitalization Analysis; Estimation of Value Using Income Approach; Reconciliation to Indicated Value by the Income Approach

Emerging Appraisal Methods: Application of Online Property Information Database and Technological Tools; Appropriate Use and Limitations of the Hybrid/Bifurcated Appraisal Method; Use and Limitations of Automated Valuation Models

Appraisal Statistical Methods: Statistical Measures of Central Tendency; Statistical Measures of Variation; Inferential Statistical Techniques Used in Appraising

What is the format of the Appraiser Exam?

In most states, either PSI or Pearson-Vue will administer these exams. You can take it on a computer at their examination center.

  • Licensed Residential Appraiser Exam is a 4 hours exam,
  • Certified Residential Appraiser Exam is a 4 hours exam;
  • Certified General Appraiser Exam is a 6 hours exam

The licensed and certified exams consist of 125 questions. Only 110 questions will be scored, and the other 15 are pretest questions. The required passing score is 75. You will immediately know your score once you finish writing the test.

Video: Real Estate Appraiser Exam Sample Questions

Here are more sample questions from the Appraisal Foundation

The local zoning ordinance requires that any property with impervious coverage that discharges more than 100,000 gallons of water in a 4-inch rainstorm must have a retention pond to handle the water. The proposed subject property will have 260,000 s.f. of impervious surface. A cubic foot of water contains 7.48 gallons and retention ponds can hold no more than 500,000 gallons for safety reasons. There is no retention pond on the plan. How should the appraiser describe the building and its compliance or noncompliance?

A. The building will discharge 86,667 gallons in a 4-inch rainstorm and will need a retention pond
B. The building will discharge 21,645 gallons in a 4-inch rainstorm and will not need a retention pond
C. The building will discharge 648,580 gallons in a 4-inch rainstorm and therefore needs a retention pond
D. The building will discharge 1,944,800 gallons in a 4-inch rainstorm and will need a retention pond

A new building representing the highest and best use of its site can be constructed at a total cost, including entrepreneurial incentive, of $12,000,000. The building capitalization rate is 11% and the land capitalization rate is 7%. The property will generate a net operating income of $1,500,000. What is the indicated value of the site, rounded to the nearest $1,000?

A. $6,750,000
B. $1,636,000
C. $2,571,000
D. $4,667,000

The subject property is 80 years old, and has a remaining economic life of 45 years, an observed age of 15 years, and, a total life of 60 years, using the straight line or age-life method. What is the total amount of accrued depreciation?
A. 25%
B. 33%
C. 18%
D. 56%

A four-unit residential property recently sold for $320,000. At the time of the sale it was fully occupied with each tenant paying $900 per month rent. The average vacancy rate is 5%. What is the indicated monthly gross rent multiplier derived from this sale?
A. 84.7
B. 84.4
C. 93.6
D. 88.9

The subject property has a two-car garage. The cost to add a third bay at the time of construction was $5,000. The cost to install a third bay on an existing property is $8,000. The market will pay $10,000 more for a house with a three-car garage. What is the garage adjustment to the sale price of the comparable sale with a three-car garage?
A. -$5,000
B. -$10,000
C. +$5,000
D. -$3,000

The subject is a 20-year-old residence with a replacement cost of $500,000. The costs to replace short-lived items along with physical life expectancy are: HVAC – $10,000, 25 years; and, roof cover – $12,000, 25 years. The roof was replaced five years ago. The water heater is malfunctioning and will cost $1,000 to replace. What is the incurable physical deterioration due to the HVAC?
A. $7,200
B. $8,000
C. $4,800
D. $2,400


Passing the appraiser exam indeed take some effort. Not only you’ll need to plan for your study ahead of time, but you should also cope with the stress in writing it. But let’s think in the bright side, if anyone could become a real estate appraiser with very little effort, then the profession would no longer be valuable.

I hope you’ll have a prosperous future in the appraisal career. Good luck on your exam, remember to leave me a comment after you pass it!

If you find this article useful, please remember to share it!

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Disclaimer: The information in this post is for general information only, and not intend to provide any advice. They are subjected to change without any notice, and not guaranteed to be error-free. Some of the posts on this site may contain views and opinions from individual not related to JCHQ Publishing. They do not necessarily reflect our view or position.


  • The Appraisal Foundation
    • National Uniform Licensing and Certification Examinations (Source)
    • 2022 Exam Content Outline (source)
    • Sample Questions (source)
  • GoodLuckExams – What to eat before an exam (Source)
  • Invespodia
    • Single vs. Double vs. Triple Net Leases: What’s the Difference? (source)
    • Housing Cooperatives: A Unique Type of Home Ownership (source)
  • Georgia Appraiser – Allocation Method (source)
  • Appraisal Institute – Common Errors and Issues (source)


  • Jacob Coleman

    Jacob is a content writer and a real estate investor. He has experience working with different real estate professionals throughout the years. (i.e., appraisers, real estate agents, property managers, home inspectors.) In order to build a career you love, Jacob believes not only you need a thorough understanding about the profession, but you also have to find out what type of jobs could match your personality, lifestyle and expectation.

Jacob Coleman

Jacob is a content writer and a real estate investor. He has experience working with different real estate professionals throughout the years. (i.e., appraisers, real estate agents, property managers, home inspectors.) In order to build a career you love, Jacob believes not only you need a thorough understanding about the profession, but you also have to find out what type of jobs could match your personality, lifestyle and expectation.

2 thoughts on “How to Pass the Real Estate Appraisal Exam? (+Sample Questions)

    1. I’m glad you find this guide helpful, Michael. I wish you all the best in the real estate appraisal career!

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